Volume 38, Issue 2

Frack You: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Fracking Controversy in Texas

Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” is a relatively new process for extracting natural gas or oil that is tightly bound in deep geological formations. The process involves injecting water, chemicals, and sand, called fracking fluid, into a formation at high pressure. The resulting fissures in the formation allow gas or oil to flow into the well. It is claimed that it creates a slew of environmental hazards including surface water contamination and even earthquakes. Fracking, however, […]

Is China’s International Economic Policy Targeting Africa? And Why Should We Care?

It is no secret that China’s economy has been growing and developing at a rapid rate for many years. Energy is a critical element in this expansion, and oil is an important source of energy. Many observers feel that to feed its need for energy, China has particularly targeted Africa. And to be sure, there have been a number of deals between Chinese oil companies with African governments. But, has the drive for oil led […]

Human Rights Implications of Illicit Toxic Waste Dumping from Developing Countries Including the U.S.A., Especially Texas to Africa, In Particular, Nigeria

This article discusses human rights implications of toxic waste dumping in Africa and Nigeria, in particular, from the developed countries including the U.S.A. (and the State of Texas) using only two universally acclaimed international conventions on toxic waste, namely the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal,1 and the African convention called the Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary […]

Charting the Future Trajectory for Fracking Regulation: From Environmental Democracy to Cooperative Federalism

Since the lower Paleolithic human’s invention of fire, mankind has continuously pursued energy source for its consumption. In this perennial search for energy, fossil fuel has been the predominant driver. Seeking natural gas via hydraulic fracturing (fracking) also falls in this continuum. Fracking involves unlocking natural gas from the shale formation via a two-step process. First, by fracturing the layers of rock formation deep beneath the earth’s crust and, in the second, extracting such gas […]

Ownership and Control of Oil, Gas, and Mineral Resources in Nigeria: Between Legality and Legitimacy

Natural resources worldwide are a gift of nature and an endowment of comfort that makes the existence of mankind complete. As nature’s priceless gift to man and because nature’s endowment of these resources is without reference to people or nation, the subject of ownership and control is one that has generated a great deal of passion and controversy amongst people and nations. Unfortunately, these resources have been identified as playing key roles in triggering conflicts, […]

Powering the Future: A Modern Conversation on Energy

A modern conversation on energy would no doubt include a discussion of the traditional operations in the oil and gas industry, as fossil fuels continue to dominate, if not, define our existence.1 The conversation delves into the strides being made to develop durable and viable alternatives to prominent hydrocarbons, namely coal, crude oil and natural gas. As concerns about the contributions of hydrocarbons to global climate change continue to grow, efforts focusing on energy sourced, […]