Human Rights Implications of Illicit Toxic Waste Dumping from Developing Countries Including the U.S.A., Especially Texas to Africa, In Particular, Nigeria

This article discusses human rights implications of toxic waste dumping in Africa and Nigeria, in particular, from the developed countries including the U.S.A. (and the State of Texas) using only two universally acclaimed international conventions on toxic waste, namely the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal,1 and the African convention called the Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa. It is a pity that most African countries, including Nigeria are yet to domesticate these conventions particularly elaborated for the protection of their environment. This article uses the international human rights law and soft laws to buttress the violations of human rights as a result of the dumping.